International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

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International Tribunal
for the Law of the Sea

Tribunal international du
droit de la mer
  (French)
Official logo of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
Official logo
  • Dark blue: States with judges in the ITLOS.
  • Dark green: States formerly with judges in the ITLOS.
  • Light green: Other UNCLOS parties.
Seat 23x15px Hamburg, Germany
Working
languages
Judges from 21 nations
Leaders
 •  President Vladimir V. Golitsyn
 •  Vice President Boualem Bouguetaia
Establishment
 •  UNCLOS adopted 10 December 1982 
 •  UNCLOS in force 16 November 1994 
Website
http://www.itlos.org

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. It was established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, signed at Montego Bay, Jamaica, on December 10, 1982. The Convention entered into force on November 16, 1994, and established an international framework for law over "all ocean space, its uses and resources". The tribunal is based in Hamburg, Germany. The Convention also established the International Seabed Authority, with responsibility for the regulation of seabed mining beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, that is beyond the limits of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the continental shelf.

The Tribunal has the power to settle disputes between party states (there are currently 167: 166 states plus the European Union).

Composition[edit]

According to its founding statute, the Tribunal has a set of 21 serving judges from a variety of states parties.

At the request of Chile and the European Union, the Tribunal set up a special chamber composed of 5 judges to deal with the Case concerning the Conservation and Sustainable Exploitation of Swordfish Stocks in the South-Eastern Pacific Ocean (Chile/European Community).

By agreement of the parties Ghana and Ivory Coast, the Tribunal formed a special chamber composed of 5 judges to deal with the Dispute Concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire in the Atlantic Ocean (Ghana/Côte d'Ivoire).

Current judges[edit]

Country Name Inauguration President Vice president
23x15px Algeria Boualem Bouguetaia 2008 2014–
23x15px Argentina Elsa Kelly 2011
23x15px Cape Verde José Luis Jesus 1999 2008–2011
23x15px China Zhiguo Gao 2008
23x15px France Jean-Pierre Cot 2002
23x15px Germany Rüdiger Wolfrum 1996 2005–2008 1996–1999
23x15px India P. Chandrasekhara Rao 1996 1999–2002
23x15px Japan Shunji Yanai 2005 2011–2014
23x15px Lebanon Joseph Akl 1996 2005–2008
23x15px Malta David Joseph Attard 2011
23x15px Poland Stanisław Pawlak 2005
23x15px Russia Vladimir Vladimirovich Golitsyn 2008 2014–
23x15px Senegal Tafsir Malick Ndiaye 1996
23x15px South Africa Albert J.Hoffmann 2005 2011–2014
23x15px South Korea Jin-Hyun Paik 2009
23x15px Tanzania James L. Kateka 2005
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago Anthony Amos Lucky 2003
23x15px Ukraine Markiyan Z. Kulyk 2011
23x15px Mexico Alonso Gómez-Robledo Verduzco 2014
23x15px Iceland Tomas Heidar 2014

Former judges[edit]

Country Name Inauguration Until
23x15px Argentina Hugo Caminos 1996 2011
23x15px Bulgaria Alexander Yankov 1996 2011
23x15px Belize Edward Arthur Laing 1996 2001
23x15px Cameroon Paul Bamela Engo 1996 2008
23x15px China Guangjian Xu 2001 2007
23x15px China Lihai Zhao 1996 2000
23x15px Croatia Budislav Vukas 1996 2005
23x15px Ghana Thomas A. Mensah 1996 2005
23x15px Iceland Gudmundur Eiriksson 1996 2002
23x15px Italy Tullio Treves 1996 2011
23x15px Japan Soji Yamamoto 1996 2005
23x15px South Korea Choon-Ho Park 1996 2008
23x15px Russia Anatoly Lazarevich Kolodkin 1996 2008
23x15px Tanzania Joseph Sinde Warioba 1996 2008
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago Lennox Fitzroy Ballah 2002 2003
23x15px Tunisia Mohamed Mouldi Marsit 1996 2005
23x15px United Kingdom David Heywood Anderson 1996 2005
23x15px Austria Helmut Türk 2005 2014
23x15px Grenada L. Dolliver M. Nelson 1996 2014
23x15px Brazil Vicente Marotta Rangel 1996 2015

Cases[edit]

No. Name Applicant Respondent Case began Case ended Disposition
1 The M/V "Saiga" Case 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 23x15px Guinea 13 November 1997 4 December 1997 Judgment on merits
2 The M/V "Saiga" (No. 2) Case 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 23x15px Guinea 13 January 1998 1 July 1999 Judgment on merits
3 Southern Bluefin Tuna Cases 23x15px New Zealand 23x15px Japan 30 July 1999 27 August 1999 Order on provisional measures
4 23x15px Australia
5 The "Camouco" Case 23x15px Panama 23x15px France 17 January 2000 7 February 2000 Judgment on merits
6 The "Monte Confurco" Case 23x15px Seychelles 23x15px France 27 November 2000 18 December 2000 Judgment on merits
7 Case concerning the Conservation and Sustainable Exploitation of Swordfish Stocks in the South-Eastern Pacific Ocean 23x15px Chile / 23x15px European Union[upper-alpha 1] 19 December 2000 16 December 2009 Terminated at request of parties
8 The "Grand Prince" Case 23x15px Belize 23x15px France 21 March 2001 20 April 2001 Judgment on merits
9 The "Chaisiri Reefer 2" Case 23x15px Panama 23x15px Yemen 3 July 2001 13 July 2001 Terminated at request of parties
10 The MOX Plant Case 23x15px Ireland 23x15px United Kingdom 9 November 2001 3 December 2001 Order on provisional measures
11 The "Volga" Case 23x15px Russia 23x15px Australia 2 December 2002 23 December 2002 Judgment on merits
12 Case concerning Land Reclamation by Singapore in and Around the Straits of Johor 23x15px Malaysia 23x15px Singapore 5 September 2003 8 October 2003 Order on provisional measures
13 The "Juno Trader" Case 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 23x15px Guinea-Bissau 18 November 2004 18 December 2004 Judgment on merits
14 The "Hoshinmaru" Case 23x15px Japan 23x15px Russia 6 July 2007 6 August 2007 Judgment on merits
15 The "Tomimaru" Case 23x15px Japan 23x15px Russia 6 July 2007 6 August 2007 Judgment on merits
16 Dispute concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Bangladesh and Myanmar in the Bay of Bengal 23x15px Bangladesh / 23x15px Myanmar 14 December 2009 14 March 2012 Judgment on merits
17 Responsibilities and Obligations of States Sponsoring Persons and Entities with Respect to Activities in the Area International Seabed Authority 14 May 2010 1 February 2011 Advisory opinion
18 The M/V "Louisa" Case 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 23x15px Spain 24 November 2010 28 May 2013 Judgment on merits
19 The M/V "Virginia G" Case 23x15px Panama / 23x15px Guinea-Bissau 4 July 2011 14 April 2014 Judgment on merits
20 The "ARA Libertad" Case 23x15px Argentina 23x15px Ghana 14 November 2012 15 December 2012 Order on provisional measures
21 Request for an Advisory Opinion submitted by the Sub-Regional Fisheries Commission (SRFC) Sub-Regional Fisheries Commission 28 March 2013 2 April 2015 Advisory opinion
22 The "Arctic Sunrise" Case 23x15px Netherlands 23x15px Russia 21 October 2013 22 November 2013 Order on provisional measures
23 Dispute concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire in the Atlantic Ocean 23x15px Ghana / 23x15px Ivory Coast 3 December 2014 Ongoing
24 The "Enrica Lexie" Incident 23x15px Italy 23x15px India 21 July 2015 24 August 2015 Order on provisional measures
Notes
  1. The European Union replaced and succeeded the European Community as a party to the case on 1 December 2009.

External links[edit]

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