Froude–Krylov force

From Ship Mechanics
Jump to: navigation, search

In fluid dynamics, the Froude–Krylov force—sometimes also called the Froude–Kriloff force—is a hydrodynamical force named after William Froude and Alexei Krylov. The Froude–Krylov force is the force introduced by the unsteady pressure field generated by undisturbed waves. The Froude–Krylov force does, together with the diffraction force, make up the total non-viscous forces acting on a floating body in regular waves. The diffraction force is due to the floating body disturbing the waves.


The Froude–Krylov force can be calculated from:

\vec F_{FK} = - \iint_{S_w} p ~ \vec n ~ ds,



  • <math>\vec F_{FK}</math> is the Froude–Krylov force,
  • <math>S_w</math> is the wetted surface of the floating body,
  • <math>p</math> is the pressure in the undisturbed waves and
  • <math>\vec n</math> the body's normal vector pointing into the water.

In the simplest case the formula may be expressed as the product of the wetted surface area (A) of the floating body, and the dynamic pressure acting from the waves on the body:


F_{FK} = A \cdot p_{dyn}. </math>

The dynamic pressure, <math>p_{dyn}</math>, close to the surface, is given by:


p_{dyn} = \rho \cdot g \cdot H/2 </math>


See also[edit]