Companhia Colonial de Navegação

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File:CCN flag.PNG
Companhia Colonial de Navegação: flag

The Companhia Colonial de Navegação (CCN) (literally "Colonial Navigation Company") was a Portuguese shipping company that was founded in 1922 and merged into another company in 1974. Its ships carried freight as well as passengers. It was perhaps best known during the Second World War, when its ships, flying the neutral Portuguese flag, were some of the few to provide transatlantic service.

History[edit]

The company was founded in Angola on 3 July 1922 to serve Portugal's overseas colonies, particularly those in Portuguese Africa.[1] It started service with two ships, the Guiné I and Ganda I, serving destinations in Angola, the Cape Verde Islands, and Guinea Bissau.

During the Second World War, the company expanded to take advantage of its status as one of the few shipping companies based in a neutral nation in a position to provide service between ports in the Western Hemisphere and Europe. It acquired ships to meet the new demand, notably the Princess Olga from a Yugoslavian company, which it renamed the Serpa Pinto and used in voyages between Portugal, the United States, and Brazil. Each of the company's ships had its name and PORTUGAL written in very large letters on their sides, as well as a prominent Portuguese flag. Even so, two of the company's ships, the steamers Cassequel [2] and Ganda II,[3] were torpedoed and sunk during the conflict. The Serpa Pinto was stopped and boarded in 1944 (May 26) in the mid-Atlantic by the German submarine U-541, but the ship was ultimately allowed to proceed after the German naval authorities declined to approve its sinking.[4]

After the war, the company again concentrated mostly on serving Portugal and its colonies. In 1961, one of its ships, the Santa Maria, was hijacked to Brazil by forces opposed to Portugal's government. When demand for passenger service declined it converted some of its ships into cruise ships. Finally in 1974 it was combined with the Empresa Insulana de Navegação (EIN) to form the Companhia Portuguesa de Transportes Marítimos (CPTM). That company stopped operating about 1985.

Ships[edit]

  • - 1922: Ganda I* – Ex General Allenby (1898-1933)
  • - 1922: Guiné I – Ex La Plata (1898-1930)
  • - 1924: Lobito – Ex Thora Menzell (1906-1953)
  • - 1925: Amboim I* – Ex Sardinia (1898-1933)
  • - 1925: Benguela I – Ex Galata (1905-1933)
  • - 1925: Bissau – Ex Lagos (1884- )
  • - 1926: Cassequel – Ex Numantia (1901-1941)
  • - 1926: Loanda* – Ex Würzburg (1900-1938)
  • - 1926: Mendes Berata – Ex Hochfeld (1897-1927)
  • - 1928: João Belo* – Ex Gertrud Woermann (1905-1950)
  • - 1929: Colonial* – Ex Ypiranga (1908-1950)
  • - 1929: Sena I – Ex Marienburg (1922-1952)
  • - 1929: Mousinho* – Ex Corcovado (1907-1954)
  • - 1929: Malange I – Ex Hornfels (1904-1961), 1949 sold to Turkey
  • - 1930: Ganda II – Ex Plauen (1907-1941)
  • - 1930: Guiné II – Ex São Miguel (1905-1950)
  • - 1930: Pungue I – Ex Morocco (1900-1961)
  • - 1931: Buzi I – Ex Zambesia (1903- ), 1934 sold to Mauritius
  • - 1940: Serpa Pinto* – Ex Ebro (1915-1954)
  • - 1941: Micondo – Ex Butio (1904- )
  • - 1942: Luango – Ex Vigo (1905- ), 1949 sold to Panama
  • - 1943: Lugela I – Ex Dortmund (1926-1971)
  • - 1943: Huambo – Ex Polaria (1919-1950)
  • - 1943: Bailundo I – Ex Sofia (1914-1961), 1949 sold to Turkey
  • - 1943: Buzi II – Ex Andalusia (1921-1964), 1951 sold to Panama
  • - 1946: Benguela II – 1946-1974, then transferred to CPTM
  • - 1947: Lunda – Ex Luther Hurd (1944-1975), 1956 sold to Cuba
  • - 1947: Pebane – Ex Phineas Windsor (1944-1979), 1956 sold to Cuba
  • - 1947: Quionga – Ex B. A. Follensby (1945- ), 1956 sold to Cuba
  • - 1947: Pátria* –1947-1973
  • - 1947: Ganda III – 1947-1974, then transferred to CPTM
  • - 1948: Luanda – 1948-1973
  • - 1948: Amboim II – 1948-1974
  • - 1948: Império* – 1948-1974
  • - 1950: Chaimite – 1950-…., in 1973 sold to U.K.
  • - 1950: Nampula – 1950-1973
  • - 1952: Sena II – 1952-1973
  • - 1952: Vera Cruz* – 1952-1973
  • - 1953: Santa Maria* – 1953-1974
  • - 1954: Uíge* – 1954-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1959: Lobito II – 1959-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1961: Infante Dom Henrique* – 1961-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1966: Lugela II – 1966-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1968: Porto – 1968-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1969: Bailundo II – 1969-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1971: Malange II – 1971-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1972: Bernardino Corrêa – 1972-1974, then transferred to CPTM.
  • - 1972: Pungue II – Ex Passat (1967-1974), then transferred to CPTM.

*: Passenger ship

References[edit]

  1. "Companhia Colonial de Navegacao". Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  2. "Axis Submarine Successes". Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  3. "Axis Submarine Successes". Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  4. de Dijn, Rosinne (2009). Das Schicksalsschiff [Rio de Janeiro - Lissabon - New York]. Deutsche Verlags – Anstalt. ISBN 978-3-421-04350-4.